Judge Williams' Book
Judge Stephen Williams has a book coming out on Pyotr Stolypin. Who was Stolypin, you might ask? He was a minister in Czarist Russia who instituted a wide-spread property rights reform. This seized Williams' interest some years ago -- it's a perfect combination of his fascination with liberal reform and all things Russian (he took regular Russian language lessons when I clerked for him). The result is his book: Liberal Reform in an Illiberal Regime, 1906-1915: The Creation of Private Property in Russia. From the Amazon page:
When the Soviet Union fell in 1991, many speculated about the value of Russia's historical experience with market-oriented reform. Liberal Reform in an Illiberal Regime tells how, in 1906, on the eve of world war and cataclysmic revolution, the Russian government undertook perhaps the most sweeping "privatization" in history, radically changing the property rights regime faced by 90 million peasants.
Stephen F. Williams's examination of property rights reforms in Russia before the revolution reveals the advantages and pitfalls of that radical transformation toward liberal democracy at the initiative of a government that could not be described as either liberal or democratic.
As he sets out the key features of the changes, the author also explores the process of liberal reform. He raises key questions: Can truly liberal reform be established effectively from above, or must it be won from the bottom up, by forming groups that extract concessions from the state? Or is liberal democracy simply the product of exceptional historical circumstances and unlikely ever to be fully attained by much of the globe? Examining how the reforms affected productivity, he explores whether they actually aggravated social tensions, pushing Russia away from liberal democracy. And he looks at the pitfalls of top-down liberal reform: laws emerging from a legislative process that largely excludes the most-affected groups, unclear baseline rights, illiberalism, and the risk of half measures.
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--"Williams probes the obstacle course that a true reformer like Stolypin must run in trying to establish the property rights essential to the rule of law and liberal democracy." --Hon. Jack Kemp, Founder and chairman of Kemp Partners; former vice presidential candidate, Secretary of HUD, and congressman
--"Fascinating, scholarly, illuminating. Williams tells a truly remarkable tale--one that has considerable interest in itself and that is also full of implications for the institution of private property in general." --Cass Sunstein, The Karl N. Llewellyn Distinguished Service Professor of Jurisprudence, University of Chicago Law School